Royal Government of Bhutan, 2017. Drivers of deforestation and forest degradation in Bhutan. Watershed Management Division, Department of Forests and Park Services, Ministry of Agriculture and Forests. 

Kissinger, G., 2017. Background report for identifying drivers of deforestation and forest degradation in Myanmar. UNEP-UN-REDD Programme & Myanmar Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Conservation. Bangkok.

McFarland, W., S. Whitley, G. Kissinger, 2015. Subsidies to key commodities driving forest loss: Implications for private climate finance. Overseas Development Institute, London. 

Salvini, G., M. Herold, V. De Sy, G. Kissinger, M. Brockhaus, M. Skutsch, 2014. How countries link REDD+ interventions to drivers in their readiness plans: implications for monitoring systems. Environmental Research Letters. Link to paper.

Drivers of Deforestation and Forest Degradation
A Synthesis Report for REDD+ Policymakers

Kissinger, G., M Herold, V. De Sy

Lexeme Consulting, Vancouver Canada, August 2012.

The long-term viability of REDD+ depends on altering business-as-usual activity in sectors currently driving greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from forests. This synthesis report investigates activities (drivers) that lead to deforestation and forest degradation. It explores the relevance of drivers in REDD+ policy development and implementation, key interventions to address driver activity, the role of drivers for national forest monitoring and for developing REDD+ forest reference (emission) levels. It concludes with recommendations intended to support the on-going international climate negotiations, as well as country-level plans and interventions to affect drivers of deforestation and forest degradation. 

Download Presentation (COP 18, Doha, Qatar).

Olander, L., C. Galik, G. Kissinger. Operationalizing REDD+: scope of reduced emissions from deforestation and forest degradationCurrent Opinion in Environmental Sustainability. Available online 23 August 2012. Link to paper.

Kissinger G. 2011. Linking forests and food production in the REDD+ context. CCAFS Working Paper no. 1. CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS). Copenhagen, Denmark. Link to report and policy brief.

Kissinger, G. 2010. Draft WWF Discussion Paper: Monitoring, Reporting and Verifying Social, Environmental and Governance Safeguards in REDD+, WWF.  Link to report.

Kissinger, G. 2010. Lessons Learned: Engaging Civil Society in REDD+ Programme (2009-2010), WWF. Link to report.

Kissinger, G., Sperling, F. 2010. A Critical Opportunity for Climate and Biodiversity Protection. WWF Norway, short-paper. Link to report.